SmartFire Fire Information System

Project Lead / Contact: Sim Larkin, USFS
V2 developed with funding from USFS FAM
Many thanks: P. Lahm

The SmartFire fire information system is a framework for aggregating, associating, and reconciling wildland fire information from disparate sources.  The current version of SmartFire is Version 2, which includes significant advancements to data processing, associating, and reconciliation algorithms. 

SmartFire v2 (SF2) can use any number of data sources, associating and reconciling their information to avoid double counting of fires, and selectively utilizing the best pieces of data from each source. 


SmartFire v2 is in use for developing the 2011 U.S. EPA’s National Emissions Inventory (NEI) for wildland fire.  Previous versions of SmartFire were used in prior inventories, with SmartFire v2 first used in the development of version 2 of the 2008 U.S. EPA’s NEI.

Currently, real-time smoke prediction systems across the U.S. use SmartFire v1 with a change over to SmartFire v2 planned for Spring 2013.

A framework for reconciling fire information

SmartFire is fundamentally a platform or framework for performing the tasks of:

  • Gathering fire information from disparate sources including satellite systems and ground based systems, real-time and retrospective systems, and direct fire reports and ancillary data systems;
  • Manipulating the fire information from a given source into a hierarchical fire data information structure;
  • Associating fire information between difference sources to determine potential overlaps and duplications; and
  • Reconciling fire information from multiple sources to provide a single data stream for use in fire emissions inventories, fire models, and smoke and air quality models.

As a framework, SmartFire  includes multiple options and settings that will influence the resulting output reconciled fire information data stream.  Choices made as to which fire information source to use, which parameters to use, and which reconciliation algorithms to use will fundamentally affect the resulting information.  For this reason, when referencing SmartFire data, it is important to specify the full configuration utilized when this data was created.